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U.S. Visa Applications

The U.S. is a diverse place for travels and business. Every years millions of people apply for U.S. visas and their applications are denied. The following are some reasons why visa requests may be denied:

1. Being unprepared
There is a lot of information on the visa process and interview on the internet. Government sites are also reliable resources that contain information to assist you every step of the way. It is a good idea to do your due diligence and prepare for the visa process. 

2. Applying for the incorrect visa
Visa eligibility and requirements may differ. Double-check that you are applying for the proper visa. Make certain that you can fulfill the requirements and meet the conditions for that particular visa. Don’t make pre-assumptions on your eligibility for a certain visa just because you fit the criteria for another visa. Standards may differ for different visas.

3. Providing incorrect or insufficient information
Completing all forms accurately and being fully prepared with all requirements, documentation, and forms of verification can help speed up the process. Having inaccurate information can lead to visa denials or prolonged and redundant processing. Small errors may also lead to delays in obtaining your visa.

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4. Being overly confident during the interview
Being too assertive during the visa process or during the interview can make you appear presumptuous.

5. Giving too much information
You will be asked a wide array of questions during the visa application process. Your responses should be well-thought-out, but keep them concise and simple. You don’t need to divulge irrelevant details that don’t pertain directly to the inquiry, nor should you voluntarily give up information that isn’t requested. This can actually lead to more questions or raise red flags and suspicions that would have otherwise not arisen.

6. Being disrespectful to the interviewer
Even if the interview seems tedious or tiresome, you should respect the process. You can do this by expressing courtesy toward the interviewer and submitting to the authority they represent. It may also help to maintain a good appearance during the visa process, especially the interview stage.

7. Ineffective communication
Sometimes the language barrier, accents, or body language may leave you confused. Don’t hesitate to ask the interviewer for an interpreter or to repeat, explain, or slow down. Effective communication can help avoid potentially significant misunderstandings and misinterpretations.

8. Other grounds of inadmissibility (e.g. past records, health reasons, non authentic documentation etc.)

According to U.S. State Department data the countries with the highest refusal rates for U.S. (business and tourist) visas include:

U.S. Department of State & Forbes

81.9%of all Cuban applications were denied in fiscal year 2016. Afghanistan was second only to Cuba with its refusal rate 73.8%. High rates of refusal were also seen in countries across Africa (Mauritania and Liberia more than 70%).

*The following is for general information only. None of these materials is offered, nor should any of it be construed, as legal advice.

Please feel free to send suggestions to and enjoy life to the fullest around the world with Hon. Pauline Truong on Facebook LinkedInInstagram, Twitter & Pinterest!

GlobePreneurs Love: The Jackfruit

The GlobePreneur lifestyle can be very stressful. But we have the opportunity to savor exotic foods around the world. Our GlobePreneurs Love series brings you a ‘taste’ of some of the amazing experiences, fruits and cuisines from different corners of the globe.

What is jackfruit?

Jackfruit is a relative of figs and breadfruit, and grows in tropical areas of Southeast Asia, Brazil and Africa. While it is a fruit, its consistency is similar to that of chicken or pork. It has a fairly neutral taste when young, so it takes on the flavor of whatever sauce or seasoning you pair it with. It has a stringy consistency that works especially well with tangy BBQ sauce to make a vegan BBQ pulled ‘pork’ sandwich. Jackfruit is a healthy and sustainable vegan meat replacement and one of the big trends of 2017.

Unlike animal sources of protein, jackfruit contains no saturated fat or cholesterol, is light on sodium, and is also low in calories. Additionally, jackfruit contains fiber and potassium, both heart-healthy nutrients that we need. It’s sustainably sourced – something that today’s consumers care about and are willing to pay for.

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How to prepare jackfruit: Young vs. ripe

When Jackfruit is “young,” “green” or unripe, it has an entirely different consistency and usage than when it’s ripe. Ripe jackfruit is eaten like any fresh fruit — the only difference is that it’s an extremely large fruit. An average jackfruit weighs between 30 and 50 pounds. Once you cut through the thick, green coral reef-like skin, you’ll find a creamy white interior filled with fibrous fruit and large pits.

The flavor of ripe jackfruit is sweet and it’s typically eaten raw on its own or as part of a dessert. Young, unripe jackfruit can be found canned and also in pouches in the refrigerated section of the grocery store. This is the type that is gaining so much attention as a meat alternative. You’ll see it in tacos, burritos, curries, bowls, salads, desserts and stir-fries.

What to do with Jackfruit?

In many parts of Southeast Asia, jackfruit is served in dozens of ways: jackfruit curry, stir fry, juice/smoothies, chips, ice cream, tacos, carnitas, desserts, decor, sandwiches/burger and even baking flour. These are just a few examples of jackfruit’s remarkable versatility in the kitchen.

Young jackfruit is generally packed with some amount of water, and sometimes also salt, so give it a rinse with cold water and let it drain in a colander before using it in recipes. Then you can literally do anything with it! It works especially well with bold and spicy flavors. Add it to chilis and stews, or sauté it with onions and peppers and throw it in a pita with some za’atar. Rub it with a Mexican spice blend, sear it in a pan and then wrap it up with brown rice and avocado for a filling burrito.

Jackfruit Benefits

Jackfruit is high in magnesium, vitamin B6 and antioxidants while offering a low-carb snack or even the perfect vegan “pulled-pork” sandwich. It can be found dried and roasted, and it can be added to soups, used in chips, jams, juices and even ice cream, in addition to simply eating fresh and raw. The seeds, containing a ton of nutritional benefits, can be boiled, roasted or ground into flour. All this nutrition gives jackfruit some truly remarkable benefits, which will be discussed below.

1. Enhances Immunity and May Help Fight Cancer

Jackfruit is a vitamin C food that contains many other antioxidants and cancer-fighting phytonutrients, including lignans, isoflavones and saponins. Additionally, we need to fight those damaging free radicals that enter the body daily. (1) According to Penn State University, by consuming antioxidants, we can neutralize the free radicals, which helps fight some forms of cancer and can give the immune system the support it needs to continue to manage it. In addition, a study published in the October 2012 issue of the journal Carcinogenesis found that vitamin C increased activity of an important antioxidant enzyme that helps prevent breast cancer. (2) Combined, all this makes jackfruit a potential cancer-fighting food.

2. Boosts Magnesium Levels

Magnesium is crucial for the structure of our bones. Women are especially at risk for magnesium deficiency, and it’s common for African-Americans and the elderly to suffer from low magnesium levels too.

One cup of jackfruit contains 15 percent of the daily recommended value of magnesium, making it a great choice to add to your diet, especially since magnesium can help reduce the risk of many diseases, such as high blood pressure, diabetes and heart disease, in addition to helping provide strong bones. (3)

3. Reduces Risk of Cardiovascular Disease

This robust fruit contains a healthy dose of vitamin B6. Vitamin B6 falls into a category along with folic acid and vitamin B12 that may help reduce heart disease. This occurs due to lower levels of homocysteine, which is an amino acid and important building block of protein.

A clinical trial known as the the Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation 2 including more than 5,500 adults with known cardiovascular disease learned that supplementation of vitamin B6, B12 and folic acid for a period of five years reduced homocysteine levels, which decreased both heart disease risk and stroke risk by about 25 percent. (4) And while it’s uncertain as to how this affects the body, studies indicate that there may be a relationship to homocysteine and the arteries. (5)

4. Improves Digestion

Jackfruit may be a great choice for anyone suffering from constipation or issues with digestion, and it’s the seeds of the jackfruit that come in handy. The seeds contain a good portion of dietary fiber, and as we know, high-fiber foods are great because they not only help with constipation, but they help fill you up, which may contribute to weight loss.

5. Aids in Preventing Osteoporosis

In addition to bone-building magnesium, jackfruit contains calcium, which may help reduce the risk of osteoporosis, or even osteopenia, which is the onset of osteoporosis.

The National Osteoporosis Foundation reports that our bones and teeth compile about 99 percent of the calcium found in our bodies. However, we lose calcium through our skin, nails and even our sweat on a daily basis. The problem is that our bodies cannot produce new calcium, which means we have to get it through the foods we eat. When we don’t do that, the body goes to our bones to get the calcium it needs. This is when osteopenia, which leads to osteoporosis, can occur. A serving of jackfruit contains about 6 percent of the recommended daily allowance of calcium, making it a strong source to help stave off osteoporosis. (6)

Conclusion

Jackfruit is a versatile fruit which can be eaten as a fruit, or in the preparation of meals as a meat replacement. It tastes great and has many health benefits too. Furthermore it is a sustainable fruit and a big trend setter for 2017! Are you a jackfruit fan?

Please feel free to send suggestions to and enjoy life to the fullest around the world with Hon. Pauline Truong on Facebook LinkedInInstagram, Twitter & Pinterest!

GlobePreneurs Win: How Intrinio is Making a Difference in FinTech

Rachel Carpenter is the Co-Founder and CEO of Intrinio (www.home.intrinio.com) – a disruptive financial data and analytics firm based in St. Petersburg, FL. She graduated from the University of Wisconsin-Madison with a BBA in both Finance and Management/Human Resources and minors in Spanish and European Studies. Rachel gained experience in HR, marketing, digital marketing strategies and digital advertising and managing teams through positions with Epic Systems Corporation (a healthcare software firm), UW-Madison and the Tampa Bay Lightning/Storm. She is an advanced front end web developer who created Intrinio with her CoFounder from scratch. Recently Hon. Pauline Truong (www.PaulineTruong.com) had discussions with Rachel regarding how Intrinio plans to make a positive difference in the financial data and analytics arena.

GlobePreneurs (GP): What are Intrinio’s aim and objectives?

Rachel Carpenter (RC): At Intrinio we leverage our proprietary standardization engine to provide a marketplace of open, flexible and affordable financial data feeds that power everything from websites to spreadsheets to quant models. We’ve eliminated seat licenses, redistribution fees, high prices, and all the restrictions that have made a commoditized product a premium one in a very ‘broken’ system.

GP: What makes you feel so passionate about Intrinio?

RC: The financial industry is very ‘broken’, and it’s arguably an industry that lags the most in innovation and technological advancement. Intrinio drives down into the core of the data that runs this industry and is solving problems from the bottom up. It’s incredibly rewarding to see how much value we can create in making this information accessible and affordable.

GP: How is Intrinio different from other ‘Fintech’ companies?

RC: What’s ‘sexy’ in Fintech right now are the consumer facing applications (roboadvisors, payments, etc.). What we do at Intrinio isn’t ‘sexy’ to most people. It’s raw data. It’s an open API, but we’re making it clean, easy, affordable and very accessible. It’s the backbone that is powering a lot of the ‘sexy’ apps in Fintech, and it’s the ‘lifeblood’ of the analysis that powers investment decisions.

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GP: What do you see as the biggest challenge for Fintech startups in the coming years?

RC: Besides typical regulatory challenges and the fact that valuations have gotten out of control and funding will be tougher, I think if we experience a recessionary scenario we’re going to find that investors and consumers will trust technology a whole lot less and will seek the comfort of professionals and traditional banking/investment systems.

GP: What is your advice for women who want to create startups in Fintech?

RC: Being the minority can be a power (not a curse) if you choose to view it that way. Know that you are a better communicator, more empathetic, and more comfortable with vulnerability, and therefore feedback and self improvement. Capitalize off of the fact that people are going to underestimate you and you’ll surprise them. It’s unfortunate we’re still dealing with this dynamic, but leverage those moments and remember that being different is your strength.

Did you enjoy this interview?  What are your suggestions for future interviews and features? Please feel free to send suggestions to and enjoy life to the fullest around the world with Hon. Pauline Truong on Facebook, LinkedInInstagram, Twitter & Pinterest!

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